The Gosport Local Plan Policies Map identifies internationally important which are subject to the Conservation of Habitats and Species Regulations 2010.
Special Protection Area (SPA)
SPAs are designated under the European Union Birds Directive and Member States are required to protect rare and vulnerable species of bird.
Potential Special Protection Area (pSPAs) are given the same status as Special Protection Areas.
These are wetland areas of international importance designated by Government under the terms of the Ramsar Convention.
Special Area of Conservation (SAC)
Areas designated as SACs are considered important for its wildlife, they are recommended by the Government under the European Habitats Directive.
Sites in Gosport
Portsmouth Harbour is a Special Protection Area and Ramsar site and so is of international importance. The area contains a number of important habitats including inter-tidal mudflats and marshes which support internationally important wetland bird species.
Gilkicker Lagoon is a saline lagoon which is a rare habitat in Britain. It supports specialised flora and fauna including several national rarities. This site is also a Ramsar site as well as a Special Area of Conservation.
The Solent and Dorset Coast Potential Special Protection Area is currently under consideration and includes parts of Gosport Borough. It is being designated as it is an important area used by breeding terns for foraging during April - September.
Bird Aware Solent
The Solent Recreation Mitigation Partnership (SRMP) operates the Bird Aware Solent project which aims to reduce recreational disturbance on internationally important habitats (SPAs & Ramsar sites) around the Solent for over-wintering birds.
Solent Special Protection Area mitigation measures are required for all residential development.
The level of developer contribution to the Bird Aware Partnership is reviewed each February in line with the (RPI) and the new rates apply from 1st April 2021 to 1st April 2022.
The SRMP has now prepared the definitive Solent Recreation Mitigation Strategy (SRMS) which covers the period to 2034. A copy of the SRMS can be viewed on the Bird Aware Solent website.
Also of relevance is the Solent Waders and Brent Goose Strategy.